girniy.ru 1

Literature Cited


LITERATURE CITED


Following is the literature cited in this EA grouped by resource area. Literature that was not specific to any resource area is cited under General.


Air Quality


USFS, 2007b. Pacific Northwest National Incident Management Team2 – Understanding the Health Hazards of Smoke retrieved from

http://199.134.225.50/nwcc/t1_pnw2/2006/help-line/smoke-hazards.shtml on 11/23/2007.


Story M. and T. Dzomba. 2005. Describing Air Resource Impacts from Prescribed Fire on National Forests & Grasslands of Montana, Idaho, North Dakota, & South Dakota in Regions 1 & 4. 30 pp. http://www.fs.fed.us/r1/gallatin/resources/air/guidance/index.shtml


Air Sciences, 2003. Users Guide Smoke Impact Spreadsheet (SIS). Portland, Oregon. http://www.airsci.com/SIS.htm.


Montana DSL, 1988, Montana Smoke Management, Memorandum of Agreement. p. D-15.


Elliott D.L., C.G. Holladay, W.R. Barchet, H.P. Foote, and W.F. Sandusky, 1986. Wind Energy Resource Atlas of the United States. US Department of Energy. p. 3 & 50.


MSDL, USFS, DHES, 1992. East Bounder Mine EIS p. 3-63.


Aquatics


Alexander, G.R., and E.A. Hansen. 1986. Sand bed load in a brook trout stream. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 6:9-23.


Gillin, G. 2001. East Boulder River Fisheries Monitoring Report, 2001. USFS project files.


Gillin, G. 2003. East Boulder River Fisheries Monitoring Report 2003. USFS project files.

Hausle, D.A., and D.W. Coble. 1976. Influence of sand in redds on survival and emergence of brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis). Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 1:57-63.



Irving, J.S., and T.C. Bjornn. 1984. Effects of substrate size composition on survival of kokanee salmon and cutthroat and rainbow trout embryos. Completion Report. Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, USDA Forest Service, Boise, ID. 21p.


Rosgen, D. 1996. Applied river morphology. ISN: 0-9653289-0-2


Witzel, L.D., and H.R. MacCrimmon. 1981. Role of gravel substrate on ova survival and alevin emergence of rainbow trout, Salmo gairdneri. Can. Journal Zoology. 59:629-636.


Big Game Winter Range


Personal Communication: Paugh, Justin. Area Wildlife Biologist. Montana Fish Wildlife and Parks. Big Timber, Montana


Bowyer, R.T., V.VanBallenberghe and J.G. Kie. 2003. Moose. Chapter 45. In: Wild Mammals of North America, Biology, Management, and Conservation. Second Edition.

G.A. Feldhamer, B.C. Thompson, and J.A. Chapman, Eds. The Johns Hopkins Univerversity Press. Baltimore and London.


Christensen, A.G., L.J. Lyon, and J.W. Unsworth. 1993. Elk Management in the Northern Region: Considerations in Forest Plan Updates or Revisions. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-303. USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, Ogden, Utah.


Hillis, J.M., M.J. Thompson, J.E. Canfield, L.J. Lyon, C.L. Marcum, P.M. Dolan, and D.W. McCleery. 1991. Defining Elk Security: The Hillis Paradigm. In: Proceedings of a sumposium on Elk Vulnerability. Montana Chapter, The Wildlife Society. Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana.


Lyon, L.J., T. N. Lonner, J. Jones, C. L. Marcum, J. Weigand and D. Sall. 1982. Montana Cooperative Elk-Logging Study. Progress Report for the Period January 1 – December 31, 1981. Unpublished Report Submitted to USDA Forest Service, Northern Region, Missoula Montana.

Lyon, L. J., T. N. Lonner, J. P. Weigand, C. L. Marcum, W. D. Edge, J.D. Jones, D. W. Mccleery and L. L. Hicks. 1985. Coordinating elk and timber management. Final report of the Montana cooperative elk-logging study 1970-1985. Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Bozeman, MT. 53 p.



Lyon, L. J., M. H. Huff, E. S. Telfer, D. S. Schreiner and J. K. Smith. 2000. Chapter 4: Fire effects on animal populations. In: Smith, J. K., ed. 2000. Wildland fire in ecosystems: effects of fire on fauna. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-42_Vol. 1. Ogden, UT. USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 83 p.


Mackie, R.J., J.G. Kie, D.F. Pac, K.L. Hamlin. 2003. Mule Deer. Chapter 43. In: Wild Mammals of North America, Biology, Management, and Conservation. Second Edition.

G.A. Feldhamer, B.C. Thompson, and J.A. Chapman, Eds. The Johns Hopkins Univerversity Press. Baltimore and London.


Peek, J.M. 2003. Wapiti. Chapter 42. In: Wild Mammals of North America, Biology, Management, and Conservation. Second Edition.

G.A. Feldhamer, B.C. Thompson, and J.A. Chapman, Eds. The Johns Hopkins Univerversity Press. Baltimore and London.


Thomas, J.W. 1979. Wildlife Habitats in Managed Forests - the Blue Mountains of Oregon and Washington. Agriculture Handbook No. 553. USDA Forest Service.


Tyers, D.B. 2003. Winter Ecology of Moose on the Northern Yellowstone Winter Range.

PhD. Dissertation, Montana State University. Bozeman, Montana.


USDA Forest Service. 1987. Gallatin National Forest Plan.


USDA Forest Service. 2006. Gallatin National Forest Travel Management Plan FEIS


Canada Lynx


Hodges, K. E. 2000. Ecology of snowshoe hares in southern boreal and montane forests. Chapter 7. In: Ruggiero, L. F., K. B. Aubry, S. W. Buskirk 2000. Ecology and conservation of lynx in the United States. University Press of Colorado, Boulder. 480 p.

Ruediger, B., J. Claar, S. Gniadek, B. Holt, L. Lewis, S. Mighton, B. Naney, G. Patton, T. Rinaldi, J. Trick, A. Vandehey, F. Wahl, N. Warren, D. Wenger and A. Williamson. 2000. Canada lynx conservation assessment and strategy. Forest Service Publication #R1-00-53, Missoula, MT. 142 p.



USDA Forest Service, 1994. Ruggiero, L.F., K.B. Aubry, S.W. Buskirk, L.J. Lyon and W.J. Zielinski, Technical Editors. The Scientific Basis for Conserving Forest Carnivores - American Marten, Fisher, Lynx and Wolverine – in the Western United States. General Technical Report RM-254. Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. Fort Collins, Colorado. 184 p


USDA Forest Service, 2007. Northern Rockies Lynx Management Direction, Final Environmental Impact Statement. Missoula, Montana. 534 p.


USDI Fish and Wildlife Service. 2009. Revised Designation of Critical Habitat for the Contiguous United States Distinct Population Segment of the Canada Lynx. Final Rule.

50 CFR Part 17. Federal Register. Vol. 74, No. 36. February 25, 2009. Pp 8616-8702.


Economics


Gallatin National Forest Forest Plan, pp. II-1, FEIS pp. II-100.


IMPLAN, 2003. Minnesota IMPLAN Group 2003. www.implan.com


Miernyk, W. H. Elements of Input-Output Economics, New York, Random House, 1965.


Todd A. Morgan, Charles E. Keegan, and Jason P. Brandt. 2007. Employment and Labor Income Direct Response Coefficients for the U.S. Forest Products Industry. Bureau of Business and Economic Research, The University of Montana-Missoula. 13pp.


Fuels


Anderson, Hal E.  1982.  Aids to determining fuel models for estimating fire behavior  Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-122. Ogden, Utah: U.S.Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station.


Fire ecology of Montana forest habitat types east of the Continental Divide.
Fisher, WC; Clayton, BD; NTIS, SPRINGFIELD, VA (USA). 1983.


FMP, Gallatin National Forest Fire Management Plan 2006

Scott, Joe H; Burgan, Robert E. 2005. Standard Fire Behavior Fuel Models: A Comprehensive Set for Use with Rothermel’s Surface Fire Spread Model Res.Pap. RMRS-GTR-153. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station.



Scott, Joe H.; Reinhardt, Elizabeth D.  2001.  Assessing crown fire potential by linking models of surface and crown fire behavior  Res. Pap. RMRS-RP-29. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station.


Scott, Joe H.; Burgan, Robert E.  2005.  Standard fire behavior fuel models: a comprehensive set for use with Rothermel's surface fire spread model  Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-153. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station.


Rath, 2008. Sweet Grass County Community Wildfire Protection Plan


USDA, Forest Service, 2004, Long Mountain Fuels Management and Prescribed Burning Plan Decision Memo


General


USDA Forest Service. 1987. Gallatin National Forest Plan


USDA, Forest Service. 2004. Programmatic biological assessment for activities that are not likely to adversely affect listed terrestrial species. Unpublished document. 51 pp.


USDA, Forest Service 2007. East Boulder Watershed Risk Assessment Report. Gallatin National Forest, Big Timber Ranger District, Big Timber MT.

USDA Forest Service, 1987. Gallatin National Forest Plan. Bozeman, MT: Gallatin National Forest.


USDA ,Forest Service, 1997. Viability protocol. http://www.fs.fed.us/r1/projects/wildlife-ecology/viability_protocol_1997.htm


Grizzly Bear


Blanchard, B. 1983. Grizzly bear habitat relationships in the Yellowstone Area. Int. Conf. Bear Res. and Manage. 5:118-123. Cited in: IGBC 1987:114-115.

Blanchard B. and R. Knight. 1996. Effects of wildfire on grizzly bear movements and food habits. Cited in: Smith, J.K, ed. 2000. Wildland fire in ecosystems: effects of fire on fauna. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-42, Vol. 1. Ogden, UT. USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, 83 pp.



Elgmork, K. 1978. Human impact on a brown bear population. Biol. Conserv. 13(2):81-103.


Erickson, A. W. 1977. Cabinet Mountains grizzly bear management study. USDA Forest Service contract no. 262.46. 25 pp.


Jonkel, C. 1982. Five year summary report: Border grizzly project. Univ. Mont., Missoula, Montana. Spec. Rep. No. 60. 77 pp.


Lyon, L. J., M. H. Huff, E. S. Telfer, D. S. Schreiner and J. K. Smith. 2000. Chapter 4: Fire effects on animal populations. In: Smith 2000.


USDA 1987. Gallatin National Forest Plan. USDA Forest Service. Bozeman, Montana


USDA 1994. Ruggiero, L.F., K.B. Aubry, S.W. Buskirk, L.J. Lyon and W.J. Zielinski, Technical Editors. The Scientific Basis for Conserving Forest Carnivores - USDA 1996. Gallatin National Forest Plan Amendment No. 19. Access in the Grizzly Bear Recovery Zone. Internal Agency Document. USDA Forest Service, Bozeman, Montana.


USDA 2006. Gallatin National Forest Travel Management Plan Final Environmental Impact Statement. USDA Forest Service, Bozeman, Montana.


USDI 1981. Grizzly Bear Recovery Plan. Amended 1993. USDI Fish and Wildlife Service, Missoula, Montana. 181 pp.


USDI 1986. Biological Opinion on the Gallatin National Forest Plan. USDI Fish and Wildlife Service. Helena, Montana. 14 pp.


USDI 1995. Biological Opinion on Gallatin National Forest Plan, Amendment No. 19. USDI Fish and Wildlife Service. Helena, Montana.


USDI 2004. Biological Opinion on the Gallatin National Forest Biological Assessment for management activities outside the grizzly bear recovery zone. USDI Fish and Wildlife Service. Helena, Montana. 55 pp.


USDI 2006. Biological Opinion on the Gallatin National Forest Travel Management Plan. USDI Fish and Wildlife Service. Helena, Montana. 66 pp.


Heritage Resources

Philipek, Frances M.1985. Over-snow logging: analysis of impacts to lithic scatters, Studies in cultural resource management #5. USDA, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Region.



Insect & Disease


Amman, G.D. 1978. Biology, Ecology and Causes of Outbreaks of the Mountain Pine Beetle in Lodgepole Pine Forests. In: Kibbee, D. L. and others (eds.). Theory and Practice of Mountain Pine Beetle Management In Lodgepole Pine Forests. Symposium held in Pullman, WA, Washington State University, December 1978. Pages 39-53.


Leslie, E. and Bradley, T. 2001. Brief literature review of the Douglas-fir Bark Beetle. Silva Ecosystem Consultants Ltd. Pages 1-12.


Safranyik, L., Shrimpton D. M., Whitney H.S. 1976. Management of Lodgepole Pine to Reduce Losses From The Mountain Pine Beetle. Pacific Forest Research Centre, Canadian Forestry Service. Pages 1-24.


USDA. 1994. Forest insect and disease identification and management. USDA, Forest Service, Region 1; Idaho Department of Lands; and Montana Department of Lands. Pages 4.4.1-4.4.12, 4.5.1-4.5.5, 4.12.1-4.12.2.


Canada Lynx


Hodges, K. E. 2000. Ecology of snowshoe hares in southern boreal and montane forests. Chapter 7. In: Ruggiero, L. F., K. B. Aubry, S. W. Buskirk 2000. Ecology and conservation of lynx in the United States. University Press of Colorado, Boulder. 480 p.


Juvan, G. 2010. Consideration of lynx management direction. Memo to project file.


Ruediger, B., J. Claar, S. Gniadek, B. Holt, L. Lewis, S. Mighton, B. Naney, G. Patton, T. Rinaldi, J. Trick, A. Vandehey, F. Wahl, N. Warren, D. Wenger and A. Williamson. 2000. Canada lynx conservation assessment and strategy. Forest Service Publication #R1-00-53, Missoula, MT. 142 p.

USDA Forest Service, 1994. Ruggiero, L.F., K.B. Aubry, S.W. Buskirk, L.J. Lyon and W.J. Zielinski, Technical Editors. The Scientific Basis for Conserving Forest Carnivores - American Marten, Fisher, Lynx and Wolverine – in the Western United States. General Technical Report RM-254. Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. Fort Collins, Colorado. 184 p



USDA Forest Service, 2007. Northern Rockies Lynx Management Direction, Final Environmental Impact Statement. Missoula, Montana. 534 p.


USDI Fish and Wildlife Service. 2009. Revised Designation of Critical Habitat for the Contiguous United States Distinct Population Segment of the Canada Lynx. Final Rule.

50 CFR Part 17. Federal Register. Vol. 74, No. 36. February 25, 2009. Pp 8616-8702.


Migratory Birds


Dobkin, D.S. 1992. Neotropical migrant landbirds in the Northern Rockies and Great Plains: a handbook for conservation and management. US Forest Service, Northern Region, Publication No. R1-93-34, Missoula, Montana.


Erlich, P.R., D.S. Dobkin and D. Wheye. 1988. The birder’s handbook. A field guide to the natural history of North American birds. Published by Simon & Schuster Inc. New York, NY


Hutto, R.L., J.S. Young and J. Hoffland 1998. USDA Forest Service, Northern Region Landbird Monitoring Project. Field Methods. Unpublished Report.


Hutto, R.L. and J.S. Young. 1999. Habitat relationships of landbirds in the Northern Region, USDA Forest Service. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-32. Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fort Collins, Colorado.


Knight, R.L. and K.J. Gutzwiller eds. 1995. Wildlife and Recreationists. Coexistence through management and research. Island Press, Washington, DC.


Montana Fish Wildlife and Parks. 2009. Montana’s Species of Concern

http://www.fwp.mt.gov/wildthings/concern/birds.html


Montana Natural Heritage Program. 2009. Species of Concern Report

http://www.mtnhp.org/SpeciesOfConcern

Rich, A.C., D.S. Dobkin and L.J. Niles. 1994. Defining forest fragmentation by corridor width: the influence of narrow forest-dividing corridors on forest-nesting birds in southern New Jersey. Conservation Biology. Volume 8, No. 4, pp. 1109-1120.



USDA Forest Service, 1991. Forest and Rangeland Birds of the United States. Natural History and Habitat Use. Agriculture Handbook 688.


USDI Fish and Wildlife Service. 2008. Birds of Conservation Concern 2008

http://www.fws.gov/migratorybirds/reports/BCC2008/BCC2008m.pdf


Sensitive/MIS Wildlife, Plant Species


Beier, P., and J. E. Drennen. 1997. Forest structure and prey abundance in foraging areas of northern goshawks. Ecological Applications 7: 564-571.


Bright-Smith, D. J., and R.W. Mannan. 1994. Habitat use by breeding male northern

goshawks in northern Arizona. Studies in Avian Biology 16: 58-65.


Buskirk, Steven W. and Lyman L. McDonald. 1989. Analysis of variability in home-range size of the American marten. Journal of Wildlife Management 53(4):997-1004.

Buskirk, Steven W. and Leonard F. Ruggiero. 1994. American Marten. Pages 7-37 in Ruggiero, Leonard F.; Aubry, Keith B.; Buskirk, Steven W.; Lyon, L. Jack; Zielinski, William J., tech. eds. 1994. The scientific basis for conserving forest carnivores: American marten, fisher, lynx, and wolverine in the western United States. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-254. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 184 pp.

Canfield, J.E. 2006. Vegetation analysis of goshawk detections and nests from the 2005 survey of Northern Region forests. Report to R1, Missoula, Montana.


Clough, L. T. 2000. Nesting habitat selection and productivity of northern goshawks in west central Montana. Missoula, MT: University of Montana. M.S. Thesis. 87 pp.

Coffin, K., C. Fager, Q. Kujala, L. Irby, and R. Douglass. 2002. Winter ecology of American marten in southwestern Montana. Montana Fish, Wildlife, and Parks, Wildlife Division, Technical Bulletin. Helena, Montana. 54 pp.


Duncan, James R. and Patricia H. Hayward. 1994. Review of technical knowledge: great gray owls. Pages 159-175 in Hayward, G. D. and J. Verner, tech. Editors. 1994. Flammulated, boreal, and great gray owls in the United States: A technical conservation assessment. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-253. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experimental Station. 214 pp.

Finn, S.P., D.E. Varland, and J.M. Marzluff. 2002. Does Northern Goshawk breeding occupancy vary with nest-stand characteristics on the Olympic Peninsula, Washington? Journal of Raptor Research 36:265-279.


Greenwald, D.N., D.C. Crocker-Bedford, L. Broberg, K.F. Suckling, and T. Tibbitts. 2005. A review of Northern Goshawk habitat selection in the home range and implications for forest management in the western United States. Wildlife Society Bulletin 33:120-129.


Hargis, C. D., McCarthy, C. and R. D. Perloff. 1994. Home ranges and habitats of northern goshawks in eastern California. Studies in Avian Biology. 16: 66-74.

Northern Goshawk Page 50


Hayward, Gregory D. 1994. Conservation status of great gray owls in the United States. Pages 202-211 in Hayward, G. D. and J. Verner, tech. Editors. 1994. Flammulated, boreal, and great gray owls in the United States: A technical conservation assessment. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-253. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experimental Station. 214 pp.

Kennedy, Patricia L. and Dale W. Stahlecker. 1993. Responsiveness of nesting northern goshawks to taped broadcasts of 3 conspecific calls. Journal of Wildlife Management 57(2):249-257.

Kennedy, P.L., J.M. Ward, G.A. Rinker, and J.A. Gessaman. 1994. Post fledgling family areas in Northern Goshawk home ranges. Stud. Avian Biol. 16:75-82.

Kennedy, P.L., and J.M. Ward. 2003. Effects of experimental food supplementation on


movements of juvenile Northern Goshawks (Accipiter gentiles atricapillus). Oecologia

134:284-291.


Kowalski, S. 2006. Frequency of northern goshawk presence in R1. Unpublished report on file in USDA For. Serv., Region One, Missoula MT. (to be added to

http://www.fs.fed.us/biology/ wildecology/goshawk.html)


La Sorte, F.A., R.W. Mannan, R.T. Reynolds, and T.G. Grubb. 2004. Habitat associations of sympatric red-tailed hawks and northern goshawks on the Kaibab Plateau. Journal of Wildlife Management 68: 307-317.


McGrath, M. T., S. DeStefano, R. A. Riggs, L. L. Irwin, and G. J. Roloff. 2003. Spatially explicit influences on Northern Goshawk nesting habitat in the interior Pacific Northwest. Wildlife Monographs 154:1–63.


Montana Natural Heritage Program. 2006. East Boulder drainage in Sweet Grass County. http://nhp.nris.state.mt.us/requests/index.html


Patla, S.M. 1997. Nesting ecology and habitat of the northern goshawk in undisturbed and timber harvest areas on the Targhee National Forest, Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. M.S. Thesis, Idaho State Univ., Pocatello, ID. 164pp.


Reynolds, R.T., R.T. Graham, M.H. Reiser, R.L. Bassett, P.L. Kennedy, D.A. Boyce, Jr., G. Goodwin, R. Smith, and E.L. Fisher. 1992. Management recommendations for the Northern Goshawk in the southwestern United States. USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-217. 90pp.

Reynolds, R.T., Joy, S.M. and D.G. Leslie. 1994. Nest productivity, fidelity, and spacing of northern goshawks in northern Arizona. Studies in Avian Biology. 16: 106-113.


Reynolds, R.T., R.T. Graham, and D.A. Boyce. 2007. Northern goshawk habitat: an intersection of science, management, and conservation. Journal of Wildlife Management 72:1047-1055.

Reynolds, R.T., J.D. Weins, and S. R. Salafsky. 2006. A Review and evaluation of factors limiting northern goshawk populations. Studies in Avian Biology No.: 260-273 in



Samson, F. B. 2006a. (www.fs.fed.us/r1/projects/wlfecology; Accessed June 29, 2006). A Conservation assessment of the northern goshawk, blacked-backed woodpecker, flammulated owl, and pileated woodpecker in R1, USDA Forest Service. Unpublished report on file, Northern Region, Missoula, Montana, USA.


Samson , F. B. 2006b. (www.fs.fed.us/r1/projects/wlfecology; Accessed June 29, 2006). Habitat estimates for maintaining viable populations of the northern goshawk, black-backed woodpecker, flammulated owl, pileated woodpecker, American martin, and fisher. Unpublished report on file, Northern Region, Missoula, Montana, USA.


Squires, J. R., and P. L. Kennedy. 2006. Northern goshawk ecology: an assessment of current knowledge and information needs for conservation management. Studies in Avian Biology 31: 8-62.


Thompson, Ian D. 1994. Marten populations in uncut and logged boreal forests in Ontario. Journal of Wildlife Management 58(2):280-288.

Thompson, Ian D. and Patrick W. Colgan. 1994. Marten activity in uncut and logged boreal forests in Ontario. Journal of Wildlife Management 58(2):272-280.


USDA, Forest Service. 1987. Gallatin National Forest Forest Plan, pp. II-1, II-24.


Warren, Nancy L. 1990. Old growth habitats and associated wildlife species in the northern Rocky Mountains. Unpublished Report. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Region, Missoula, Montana. 47 pp.


United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). 1998. Northern Goshawk Status Review. Office of Technical Support – Forest Resources. Portland, OR. Unpublished Report. 250 pp.


Snags


Bollenbacher, B., R. Bush, B. Hahn and R. Lundberg. 2008. Estimates of Snag Densities for Eastside Forests in the Northern Region. Unpublished Report 08-07 v2.0. USDA Forest Service, Northern Region, Missoula, Montana. 56 pp.

Bull, E.L. C.G. Parks, and T.R. Torgersen. 1997. Trees and Logs Important to Wildlife in the Interior Columbia River Basin. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PNW-GTR-391 Pacific Northwest Research Station.



Dillworth, J.R. 1973. Log Scaling and Timber Cruising. Unpublished document.


Novak, M. 2009. Estimate Report. Results from FIA data analysis for snag density estimates at 5th Code HUC East Boulder River. Unpublished Report. Gallatin National Forest, Bozeman, Montana. 3 pp.


USDA Forest Service 1993. Gallatin National Forest Plan, Amendment No. 15. Snag

Management Direction.


USDA Forest Service 2000. Northern Region Snag Management Protocol. Unpublished Report prepared by the Snag Protocol Team for the USDA Forest Service Northern Region, Missoula, Montana. 34 pp.


Wisdom, M.J. and L.J. Bate. 2008. Snag density varies with intensity of timber harvest and human access. Forest Ecology and Management 255 (2008) 2085-2093.


Soils


Fleming, R.L., R. F. Powers, N.W. Foster, J.M. Kranabetter, D.A. Scott, F. Ponder, Jr., S. Berch, W.K. Chapman, R.D. Kabzems, K.H. Ludovici, D.M. Morris, D.S. Page-Dumroese, P.T. Sanborn, F.G. Sanchez, D.M. Stone, and A.E. Tiarks. 2006. Effects of organic matter removal, soil compaction, and vegetation control on 5 year seedling performance: a regional comparison of long-term soil productivity sites. Can. J. For. Res. 36:529-550.


Graham, R.T., A.E. Harvey, M.F. Jurgensen, T.B. Jail, J.R. Tonn, and D.S. Page-Dumroese. 1994. Managing coarse woody debris in forests of the Rocky Mountains. USDA Forest Service. Research Paper INT-RP-477. Intermountain Research Station. Ogden, UT. 13 p.


Greacen, E.L. and R. Sands. 1980. Compaction of forest soils: a review. Aust. J. Soil Res. 18: 169-189.


Han, H.-S, D. Page-Dumroese, S.-K. Han, and J. Tirocke. 2006. Effects of slash, machine passes, and soil moisture on penetration resistance in a cut-to-length harvesting. Inter. J. For. Eng. 17-2:11-24.

Kuennen, L., H.F. Shovic, B. Basko, K. McBride, J. Niehoff, and J. Nesser. 2000. Soil quality monitoring: a review of methods and trends in the Northern Region. USDA Forest Service, Northern Rocky Mountain Region.


Miller, R.E., S.R. Colbert, and J.W. Hazard. 1996. Soil compaction and conifer growth after tractor yarding at three coastal Washington locations. Can. J. For. Res. 26:225-236.


Page-Dumroess, D.M., M. Jurgensen, A. Abbott, T. Rice, J. Tirocke, S. Farley, and S. Dehart. 2006. Monitoring changes in soil quality from post-fire logging in the inland Northwest. USDA Forest Service Proceedings RMRS-P-41. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Moscow, ID.


Philipek, F.M. 1985. Over-snow logging: analysis of impacts to lithic scatters, studies in cultural resource management #5. USDA, Forest Service. Pacific Northwest Region.

Shovic, H.F. 2008. Specialist report submitted for the Bozeman Municipal Watershed Environmental Impact Statement. USDA Forest Service, Gallatin National Forest.

Shovic , H.F. 2006. Soil monitoring report. USDA Forest Service, Gallatin National Forest.

Shovic , H.F. and K. Birkland. 1992. Gallatin national Forest 1991 soil monitoring program: summary report. USDA Forest Service, Gallatin National Forest.

Shovic , H.F. and G. Widner. 1991. Gallatin National Forest 1990 soil monitoring program: summary report. USDA Forest Service, Gallatin National Forest.

Soil Survey Staff. 2006. Keys to soil taxonomy. 10th edition. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service.

Story, M.T. 2006. Baldy Peak Timber sale implementation monitoring review: letter to Big Timber District Ranger. USDA Forest Service, Gallatin National Forest.

United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 1987. Gallatin National Forest, Forest Plan. Bozeman, MT.

United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 1999. R-1 Supplement No. 2500-99-1 amended to FSM 2500 – Watershed and Air Management, Chapter 2550 – Soil Management. 6 p.

United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 2009. Amendment No. 2500-2009-1 to FSM 2500 – Watershed and Air Management, Chapter 2550 – Soil Management. Washington, DC. 9 p.


United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service and Natural Resources Conservation Service, and Montana Agricultural Experiment Station. 1996. Soil Survey of Gallatin National Forest, Montana.

United States Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service. 2005. Estimating soil moisture by feel and appearance. Program Aid Number 1619.

Wert, S. and B.R. Thomas. 1981. Effects of skid roads on diameter, height, and volume growth in Douglas-fir. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 45:629-632.

Vegetative Structure/Old Growth


Fisher, W. C., Clayton, B. D. 1983. Fire Ecology of Montana Forest Habitat Types East of the Continental Divide. USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Forest & Range Experiment Station, General Technical Report INT-141. Pages 45-50, 56-58, 62-63.


Running, S.W., 2006. Present and Future Climate Trends for Montana. Presentation at the Montana Climate Conference, Helena, MT.


USDA Forest Service, Northern Region, April 1992, R-1 SES 4/92 (errata corrected 9/04). Old Growth Forest Types of the Northern Region. P. Green, J. Joy, D. Sirucek, W. Hann, A. Zack, and B. Naumann.


Water Quality

Beak Consultants, 1982. Stillwater Project Geology. Technical Report #17. geology. Portland, Oregon.


Cline, R., Cole, G., Megahan, W., Patten, R., and J. Potyondy, 1981. Guide for Predicting Sediment Yields from Forested Watersheds. USFS/USDA, Region 1 and Region 4, Missoula, Montana.


USFS, Montana DSL, 1992. East Boulder Mine Project, Final Environmental Impact Statement.


USFS, 2007a, East Boulder River Sediment, Turbidity, and Discharge Monitoring Report, April 2006 - October 2006, Gallatin National Forest, Bozeman, MT


USFS, 2007b. Pacific Northwest National Incident Management Team2 – Understanding the Health Hazards of Smoke retrieved from

http://199.134.225.50/nwcc/t1_pnw2/2006/help-line/smoke-hazards.shtml on 11/23/2007.



Weeds


Hakim, S.E.A. 1975. M.S. Thesis, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana


Lacey, C.A, Fay, P.L. and J.R Lacey 1989 Proceedings of the 1989 Knapweed Symposium. Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana. Pp 1-6.


Sheley, Roger L. and Jane K. Petroff 1999 Biology and Management of Noxious Rangeland Weeds. Oregon State University Press. 464 Pp.


Taylor, Ronald J. 1990 Northwest Weeds, the Ugly and Beautiful Villains of Fields, Gardens and Roadsides. Mountain Press Publishing Company, Missoula, Montana.


USDA, Forest Service, 2009 Big Timber District Noxious Weeds Program FACTS database, Gallatin N. F. Bozeman, MT.


USDA, Forest Service, 2009 Big Timber District Noxious Weeds Program Records, Big Timber, MT


USDA, Forest Service, 2005 Gallatin National Forest, Noxious and Invasive Weed Treatment Project EIS


USDA, Forest Service, 2003 Backcountry Road Maintenance and Weed Management.


USDA, Forest Service, Publication 0371- 2811-MTDC. 22pp.


USDA, Forest Service, 1998 Video: Harvesting Systems, Tools for Resource Management, Technology and Development Center, San Dimas, CA, (9824 1402. SDTDC) 27 Minutes.


USDA, Forest Service, 1998 Video: Cut to Length Logging, a New Tool for Land Managers. Technology and Development Center, San Dimas, CA, (9324-1402-SDTDC) 23 minutes.


Ziska, Lewis 2004 Rising Carbon Dioxide and Invasive, Noxious Plants: Potential threats and Consequences. World Resource Review. 16:427-447.



East Boulder Fuels Reduction Project EA L-