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БОЛЬШАЯ БИБЛИОГРАФИЯAkera A. Voluntarism and the Fruits of Collaboration: The IBM User Group, Share // Technology & Culture, vol. 42, 2001. P. 710-736.
Anonymous. History of Computer Developments in Romania // AHC, Vol. 21, №. 3, July-September 1999. P. 58-60.
Anthes E. Some Examples of Problems Philip Matthaus Hahn (1739-1790) Solved With His Calculating Machines // Proceedings of the Cultural History of Mathematics, vol. 5. Inner Mongolia Press, 1995. P. 83-91.
Archibald R. C. First Published Compound-Interest Tables // Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to Computation, 1, 1943/1945. P. 401-402. Aspray W. An Annotated Bibliography of Secondary Sources on the History of Software // AHC, Vol. 9, № 3/4, July-December 1987. P. 291-343. This article discusses the role of the US National Science Foundation in the provision of scientific computing facilities for colleges and universities in the period 1950 to 1973. In this period, the NSF played a major role in establishing computing facilities on American campuses for the purposes of scientific research and science education. By the end of this period, most of these programs at NSF had been disbanded, and the foundation was concentrating its support for computing not on the service of other scientific disciplines, but instead on the establishment of a theoretically oriented discipline of computer science. The primary focus here is on NSF institutional history, with only a few examples of the impact of NSF programs. But it is an important part of a larger story of the role of the federal government in establishing American hegemony in computing in this era. Barkley R. J. Highlights of the History of the Lambda-Calculus // AHC, Vol. 6, № 4, October-December 1984. P. 337-349. This book records the growth of telegraphy over two centuries, depicting the discoveries and ingenuity of the experimenters and engineers involved, the equipment they designed and built, and the organization, applications and effects on society. The two main phases - cable-based techniques that began in the early 19th Century and then wireless transmission in the 20th - parallel the changes in voice and information communications seen recently. Modern methods of data compaction, coding and encryption in today's communications all have their routes in the techniques of the telegraph pioneers. It is amazing to see how many web pages are devoted to the art of finding the date of Easter Sunday. Just for illustration, the reader may search for terms such as Gregorian calendar, date of Easter, or Easter algorithm. Sophisticated essays as well as less enlightening contributions are presented, and many a doubt is expressed about the reliability of some results obtained with some Easter algorithms. In short, there is still a great interest in those problems. Gregorian Easter algorithms exist for two centuries (or more?), but most of their history is rather obscure. Some reasons may be that some important sources are written in Latin or in the German of Goethes time, or they are difficult to discover. Without being complete, the following paper is intended to shed light on how those techniques emerged and evolved. Like a microcosm, the history of Easter algorithms resembles the history of any science: it is a story of trials, errors, and successes, and, last but not least, a story of offended pride. It is a work of art that describes the human ability to create meaningful connections between individual points and meaningful patterns from among them. The route we have taken from using pebbles to calculate to the highly complex computers of today is described and illustrated in a fascinating way and in amazingly easy to understand stages, using stunning photographs. Brennan, Jean Ford. The IBM Watson Laboratory at Columbia University: A History. Armonk, N.-Y.: IBM, 1971. 68 p. Bryden D. J. Scotlands Earliest Surviving Calculating Device: Robert Davenports Circles of Proportion of c1650 // Scottish Historical Review, vol. 55, 1976. P. 54-60. Burke C. An Introduction to a Historic Computer Document: The 1946 Pendergass Report – Cryptanalysis and the Digital Computer / Selections from Cryptologia: history, people, and technology. Deavours Cipher A., ed. Norwood, MA: Artech House, Inc, 1998. P. 361-372. This autobiography of Vannevar Bush presents “The personal record of 60 event-filled years by the distinguished scientist who took an active and decisive part in shaping them” (book cover). The author served as Director of the Office of Scientific Research and Development and advisor to Presidents Roosevelt and Truman during World War II. He writes of organizations with which he was involved, stumbling blocks he overcame, his opinions of great men, and his experiences with inventing, teaching, and leadership. Bush also includes biographical notes on a multitude of his contemporaries that are useful in understanding his experiences and the events mentioned in the book. Cajori, Florian. On the history of Gunters scale and the slide rule during the seventeenth century // University of California publications in mathematics, № 1 (9), February 1920. P. 187-209. Campbell-Kelly M. ICL: A Business and Technical History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990. 409 p. Carroll C. M. The Great Chess Automaton. N.-Y.: Dover Books, 1975. 116 p. Spacecraft and fighters make use of leading-edge computer technologies in their design, testing manufacture, navigation and operation; moreover pilots and astronauts rely on computer simulations throughout their training. Ceruzzi describes these technologies and their history. In separate chapters he focuses on Northrop ("midwife of the computer industry"), missile tracking, Whirlwind, Apollo, Minuteman, and the software involved. An appendix discusses the role that on-board and ground computers played in the explosion of the space shuttle Challenger. A Source Book for the History of Mathematics, but one which offers a different perspective by focusing on algorithms. With the development of computing has come an awakening of interest in algorithms. Often neglected by historians and modern scientists, more concerned with the nature of concepts, algorithmic procedures turn out to have been instrumental in the development of fundamental ideas: practice led to theory just as much as the other way round. The purpose of this book is to offer a historical background to contemporary algorithmic practice.
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