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National Human Rights Action Plan of the Republic of Kazakhstan 2009-2012. Under the edition of Tastemir Abishev, Sagynbek Tursinov – Astana, 2007 – 185 pgs.


The National Human Rights Action Plan of Kazakhstan for the years 2009-2012 (further referred to as the “National Plan”) herein presented to readers constitutes a consolidated program of planned concrete steps for the improvement of legislation and practices of its application, the national system of protection of human rights, and the education of the population regarding human rights and mechanisms of their protection.

The National Human Rights Action Plan was approved by the President of Kazakhstan on the 5th of May 2009, No. 32-36.125.

The National Plan was prepared and founded according to the results of the baseline report “On the Situation of Human Rights in Kazakhstan,” as analyzed by governmental agencies, nongovernmental organizations for the protection of human rights, and international organizations, using data from a sociological survey.

Establishing positive dynamics in the development of the country’s mechanisms for the protection of human rights, the National Plan reveals the presence of gaps in the legislative base and practices of application of rights, and the absence of sufficient coordination and systematization in the work of governmental institutions and nongovernmental organizations for the protection of human rights.

Implementation of the recommendations of the National Plan will allow Kazakhstan to make new achievements in the formation of a legal government, strengthen governmental and social mechanisms for the protection of human rights, and create a well-developed civil society on a level with generally accepted international standards.

The material contained in the National Plan will be beneficial to legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government, law-enforcement agencies, lawyers, representatives of extrajudicial institutions for the protection of human rights, nongovernmental and international organizations, and other public associations or diplomatic services accredited in Kazakhstan.





This publication is published with the technical assistance of the United Nations Development Program in Kazakhstan within the framework of the project “Fostering National Capacities for the Development of a National Human Rights Action Plan in Kazakhstan.” It does not necessarily reflect the official views of the UNDP.




This publication is published with the technical assistance of the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Kazakhstan. It does not necessarily reflect the official views of the Embassy.





This publication is published with the technical assistance of the British Embassy to Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. It does not necessarily reflect the official views of the Embassy.



Introduction



The adoption of Kazakhstan's National Human Rights Action Plan, the first in its history, is an eloquent testimony to President Nursultan Nazarbayev’s commitment to the further democratization of our country.

The first article of the Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan stipulates that the highest values of our state are “an individual, his life, rights and freedoms.” Therefore, all our efforts during these years of independence have been directed toward the realization of the fundamental rights of the individual and society as a whole. During this time, Kazakhstan has been continually loyal to its international obligations in the sphere of human rights and supports the efforts of the UN, OSCE and other international organizations in this direction.


The practice of integrated activities of the state for the protection of human rights has successfully proven itself in various countries and regions of the world. Kazakhstan, adopting such a plan for the first time, is a pioneer of its use in the post-Soviet era. I am confident that this plan of action will become a valuable tool to improve Kazakhstan's legislation and law-enforcement practices in the sphere of protection of human rights. Thus, the plan gives consideration to the improvement of national legislation and law-enforcement practices, the activities of national human rights institutions in accordance with international standards, the interaction of the authorities and institutions of civil society, the definition of the level of legal protection of an individual and his awareness of his rights and the key problems of law-enforcement mechanisms and measures for their resolution.

The recommendations and procedures of the National Plan address issues regarding the improvement of mechanisms for the realization of the constitutional rights of citizens. Particular attention is paid to reinforcing the independence of the judicial system, the development of non-judicial mechanisms for the protection of human rights and the protection of the civil, political, social, economic and cultural rights of citizens, including the rights of socially vulnerable groups, in harmony with international standards.

The National Human Rights Action Plan for the years of 2009-2012, presented today, not only launches the development of goals and objectives of the new Concept of Kazakhstan’s legislative development, but also will serve as criteria for the success of further steps toward the improvement of the mechanisms for the protection of human rights.

We are grateful to the UN Development Program, the Embassies of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and Great Britain in Kazakhstan, the members of the work group and international and non-governmental human rights organizations for their support in the development and publication of this very important document.


Secretary of State Republic of Kazakhstan

Kanat Saudabaev



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